Currently Reading: “North and South”

I am amazed that I can read “North and South” this quickly. I buy the novel three weeks ago and now I am 70s pages away from the ending (the book is 478 pages in total).

Reading the book relieves me relieve because I start getting addicted to smartphone, reading online stories is one of the activities that I often do. I even question myself if I still have the ability of speedy reading when it comes to enjoy books that lure me so much. My not-so-good experience with Great Expectations adds to my own doubt. Though I initially savor half of the story, I find it difficult to finish the remaining half of it. So, right now I abandon the book though I actually look forward to knowing what the romance of Pip and Estella becomes. Too many minor characters, Pip’s too sentimental traits are some reasons that draw me away from the novel.

And when I purchase Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South, I feel not good of buying a new title while leaving unread books at the bookshelf back at the rented room. But it’s North and South, man. The writer of the book is Gaskell, one of my most favorite authors whom I simply love her because of her beautiful way of telling sentences. At the back of my mind, as long as the writer is Gaskell, the story will be a good one. If the essence of the book is ordinary, I will totally enjoy her words, her writing style. In addition, I once see the title at the Kinokuniya bookstore long time ago but I don’t buy it then it’s gone. So I won’t lose the chance this time around. Priced at IDR132,000 I keep buying the novel despite the fact I have to save money.

I bring it back home and damn! I love every page of the story. My excitement of reading decent novel remains the same. I still can read like a maniac. I can still spend hours reading for the sake of the words and of course for the story itself.

And man! North and South way exceeds my expectation. It’s way better than Mary Barton and Wives and Daughters in terms of story, characteristic, moral message and plot. I can’t believe the book runs so quickly without being in rush. It’s compact and solid but her lovely descriptions are still there.

The novel is surprisingly heavy, in terms of themes. Poverty and effects of industry for the Miltons, to be exact. So I can say the novel is bleak and sorrowful in overall. Good point about the book is the characterizations of the major people here, Margaret Hale and John Thornton.

Here, Gaskell crafts her heroine to be a very memorable figure, a complicated person in her simplicity. Loving, caring, empathetic yet carrying a lot of burdens inside her heart. Margaret is a very strong woman, independent but naïve at the same time when it comes to her feeling to John.

That’s all that I can write at the time being. I can’t wait to finish reading the book to be put as another topic for the next post. The thing is I don’t regret buying it, using it as an intermezzo after leaving Great Expectations unread.

And best of all is that I can still read physical books, good ones, in enthusiastic manner as I usually do. Smartphone doesn’t take that away from me. I am beyond happy!

Finally… Charles Dickens!

I can’t remember how many times I pass through the Charles Dickens section at the Kinokuniya bookstore, Plaza Senayan shopping mall, Central Jakarta, without buying one of his titles until a couple of days ago my mind suddenly shifted from Elizabeth Gaskell’s ‘Cranford’ to Dickens’ The Old Curiosity Shop.’

I have wanted to read ‘Cranford’ not long after I was so head over heels for Gaskell’s adorable language in her ‘Mary Burton’. I read the first few pages of ‘Cranford’ and as usual, Gaskell’s writing is so superb. She can always craft a gold out of straws. What seems to many of us as ordinary, boring views can instead be her rich resource. ‘Cranford’ is no exception.

But how didn’t I purchase it right after ‘Mary Barton’? Ok, let me be honest here. It’s because ‘Cranford’ features spinsters. No matter how light and cheerful the book is, as suggested by reviewers, becoming spinsters is by all means gloomy. I tend to avoid novels that touch spinsterhood. Apart from private matter about spinsterhood, I faced a very limited option to read after I had completed reading ‘Agnes Grey’ in the bookstore. Knowing that I didn’t have many choices since I have read almost all novels from my favorite authors that are in the store, I immediately remembered ‘Cranford’ once I had decided to read more materials in the Victorian era.

“Better to read a book that will satisfy my hunger on beauty amid personal issue than experiencing something I know it won’t even ignite my imagination,” my mind said at that time. So, I forced myself taking a very tough journey from office in Ciputat, South Tangerang, to the mall. It was a very tiring trip for I had to pass through some traffic jam points all along the journey. But I must not give up and directly went back at home because there was a good book awaiting me.

After a few hours on the road, I reached the store and found out ‘Cranford’ remained at the same point the last time I spotted it. I looked at ‘Cranford’ for a few times and almost brought it to the store’s cashier for payment but the spinsterhood issue moved my mind to reconsider the would-be decision. So, my eyes shifted to a tall bookshelf next to the ‘Cranford’ section. George Eliot, Sir Arthur Conan Dyle and definitely Charles Dickens. Prior to this visit, I have read at some initial pages of Dickens’ most popular novels, such as ‘A Tale of Two Cities’, ‘Great Expectations’, ‘Hard Times’, and ‘The Pickwick Papers’, none of which wowed me by the words. My most wanted masterpiece from Dickens is ‘Our Mutual Friend’. I love it from the first words I read, giving the kind of sensation after I just read books by Thomas Hardy. Unfortunately, the store does not sell ‘Our Mutual Friend’ and I know not when it will be available.

I have read the title of “The Old Curiosity Shop’, definitely but I never thought of it until that evening. I made use some valuable seconds to check some first pages of the novel at the internet given the battery of my smartphone was running out. I was not really awed with them but somehow I made a compromise. I was considering that I should try reading books from first-person narration as the reading experience with ‘Agnes Grey’ that applies such method proved to be impressive. Besides, it was time for me to seek books with complex plots with not many drama focusing on major characters. It was time for me to read novels that would overwhelm me with conflicts.

A refreshment from usual preference of beautiful, magical language as in Thomas Hardy or Elizabeth Gaskell’s masterpieces. So I bought the novel at the end. I was prepared for the long reading journey given its 500-something pages and by the time I currently on the page of 134, I am deeply immersed by the book.

The first page captured my heart. It keeps me wondering what the book will be at the end. Despite the many characters on the book, I can still follow what it has to offer because I know beforehand the core of the book. The characters of Nelly Trent completely touches my sympathy. I suddenly associate her with Hardy’s Tess. Then, I can feel the good humor sense of the book and finally………..

I applaud Dickens’ unquestionable writing skills, his vivid imaginations and his overall mind and heart put in the book. The book is so wealthy by far. In terms of story plots, language, human emotions and all important elements that readers want to digest within one book.

Thank you for myself. Thank you for eventually getting touch with the British most-beloved, prolific author after some years launching a journey into the Victorian literature. I am so relieved that I come to this point where I read books from Dickens, who can be said is the pivot of the Victorian literature.

Why ‘The Warden’ is not one of my favorite novels

Pardon me for all Anthony Trollope fans who happen to read this post for what I am going to say may not be in line with your opinions but I’m saying the truth anyway.

Although I prefer ‘The Warden’ to ‘To Kill A Mockingbird’ in previous post, I must say the former falls short of my expectations. I know this is subjective and many will oppose my ideas of comparing ‘The Warden’ with some of my most-beloved titles but surely I have to use my own standard to decide whether of not ‘The Warden’ is really good or not according to MY OWN VERSION.

As I have often said in this blog, a story method is really important to me. I highly value beautiful words, very detailed descriptions and such in SHOWING KIND OF WAY. Not only this method allows my mind to wander, create its own kind of world, I feel so satisfied with this kind of beauty. I believe writing is an art. It’s the kind of human invention that not only feeds your mind but also more importantly entertains your soul.

Sadly to say, I don’t get emotionally nourished while reading ‘The Warden.’ I love its grand idea, the moral lesson it has conveyed but I have to admit the book has failed to give me a beauty. It’s too direct, I feel like I am so easily guarded while as a matter of fact I can guide myself, find another satisfaction other than the messages of the novel itself.

I have expected the book would present me with tiny details on people at that time, landscape background, more information about minor characters but I don’t get as much as I have wanted. The book is too wise as well, particularly about Mr. Harding and John Bold, whom I describe as too perfect fictional characters.

I am not a Victorian literature expert or so but after reading a number of really great titles mostly by Thomas Hardy, I sadly say ‘The Warden’ is well below Hardy’s works. Again, this can be so subjective but Hardy’s works or Elizabeth Gaskell’s are much more … satisfying, whatever that means to each and every reader. But the wholeness sensation that follows after completing reading their books is beyond words to express them all. Although I prefer Hardy to Gaskell in general, Gaskell’s ‘Mary Barton’ is such an exception in terms of language.

By that comparisons, I brutally honest conclude ‘The Warden’ is a flat reading. May be I should read another Trollope’s title but given the first plain reading experience with ‘The Warden’, I am not going to give a second try to read his another work, at least for the moment.

Why Analyzing ‘Wives and Daughters’ A Difficult Task

On the surface, “Wives and Daughters” is no special than a story of a well-to-do orphan girl namely Molly Gibson going through her puberty years till growing up as a young lady. Her quiet life that is filled with a sole love from his papa, Mr. Gibson, significantly changes with the coming of a new stepmother, Clare Kirkpatrick and a new step sister, Cynthia Kirkpatrick. The fact that her friend, Roger Hamley, whom she falls in love with prefers her step sister exacerbates Molly’s condition. Then there is Mr. Preston to make things much more complicated. The gossiping nature among residents in Hollingford puts Molly as an innocent victim concerning the past relationship between Cynthia and Mr. Preston.

And all internal problems plaguing the house of Hamley adds more color to this book that eventually readers learn how precious the virtue of Molly is. The novel ends happily as Roger, a very good man, sends signals how he finally realize his love for Molly while Cynthia gets married with a lawyer namely Mr. Henderson.

If you think the 766-pages book is all about that then you may miss the point. The book which takes almost four months long to finish reading it goes way beyond the overall summary. The fact that Gaskell puts so many little stories here and then have got me to think what the novel is all about. That is why digesting each little story, putting my eyes as if I were in the novel are the tools that lead me to realize the values or changes in each and every character’s personality.

As I complete reading all the pages I learn that Molly grows from a tomboy, spoiled girl to a compassionate, understanding and very patient daughter. Her kindness becomes her very prominent value after has been tested in some hard moments.

Her father, Mr. Gibson, is probably the one who does not change a lot. He remains a firm, loving father who maintains his dignity in his profession. He can fairly share his love and attention for Molly, his wife and his stepdaughter. For Molly, he remains a closed papa who trusts her when others don’t. He keeps his head cool whenever his wife acts like a drama queen. His love does not undermine his assertiveness when it comes to professionalism. For instance, he gets so furious when Clare admits she overhears his conversation with his fellow doctor regarding the health of Osborne Hamley that leads her to gradually accept Roger Hamley as the future husband of Cynthia. While for Cynthia, Mr. Gibson’s opinions are the only things that worth obeyed. Mr. Gibson is the only person in the house that worth her respect, not even her mother.

It’s interesting to learn Mrs. Gibson’s changed personality. What was used to be an elegant, kind-hearted woman for Molly when she was a teenager has turned into an annoying and materialistic wife and mother although she is not a cruel one.

While Cynthia, you can hardly guess how moody she is. What was used to be a smart, sort of high-class woman has altered into a flirtatious, sarcastic and moody person. She is brutally honest to even her own mother in a way that she often argues with her or, you can say, she does not respect her mother as much as she does to her stepfather. She is an indecisive one when it comes to love. Despite her intelligence, she is powerless to solve her own problems with Mr. Preston that she needs Molly’s help. Cynthia is a nice, loving sister to Molly but I think her indecisiveness sort of taints her good image.

Roger Hamley,a kind of boy-next-door person; a good-hearted, introvert, slowly-but-surely learner, shy man who does not envy his brother, Osborne Hamley, for an unfair attention shown by their parents. You can find all good values in Roger; a devoted son, a very decent brother, a supportive fellow, a very faithful lover. One thing that is missing from his personality: his failure to see a golden beyond silvery things; he prefers Cynthia to Molly although he finally sets his heart to the latter after Cynthia annuls their engagement.

What makes analyzing the novel is difficult even without your own knowledge is understanding the alterations of each and every character through small events, reading the gestures, imagining his/her motions and finally learning their personalities through their actions and languages. And these are all presented in detailed moments, some are even trivial, that may fail catch your attention. On the surface, you read their talk about certain topics or debate on important decisions but actually you learn their personality. I think it is learning the characters’ shifted personalities is the main lesson that I draw from this book not a mere knowing the plot of the book.

As such, I enjoy witnessing the growing up process of Molly although, yes, it’s a tiring journey. As I have read ‘Mary Barton’, it’s fascinating how Gaskell paints a picture of a good character, who through errors and mistakes, she stands out from the crowd. Molly provides a good sample of this. If one asks me what makes me like the book I would say that I salute on Gaskell’s message of showing the good will come out as a winner in the end and gets what she wants no matter how, as I sometimes perceive, naive, stupid she is. It goes in parallel with Mary Barton, who rescues her love after putting him in danger because of her own mistake. After errors, losses, she eventually lives the life that she wants. In short, Gaskell crafts good stories about life through these novels; a life that is about ups and downs, good times and hard times, errors and remedies, losses and acceptance, and all that is grey in between.

Under the Spell of Gaskell’s Magical Words in “Mary Barton”

“Mary Barton” is such a beauty. I lack of adjectives to describe how magnificent the language of the book is. Beautiful words are all around in the thick book. I even type many lovely, memorable phrases and sentences in my BlackBerry to make me easier reread them all whenever I wish to read something artsy.
It’s the first book that I would like to put it into my most favorite novel list because of its language. If there were people who later ask me on why they should read the novel, I would say the language is all what makes it really worth your precious time.
Mind you. Almost all of the novels that I have read so far, particularly those by Victorian writers, are indeed artistic. “Far from the Madding Crowd”, “The Mayor of Casterbridge” and “The Mill on the Floss”, to name a few, fall into this category. I am completely hooked by “The Mill on the Floss”, by the way, but its sentimental, sad plot is the most memorable aspect that is left in my mind until now. “The Mayor of Casterbridge”, for me, is outstanding for its characterization. “Far from the Madding Crowd” is the kind of story that leaves me with contentment because of its relatively gloomy plot, unconditional faith that ends in a happy, modest marriage among its two protagonists.
I can say I feel so sad reading “Mary Barton”. There are some quite funny moments but most of the time the book is all about bitter facts faced by the working class people in Manchester where the poor really suffer from unfair payment while the rich keep living luxuriously. Coming to the parts where several minor characters, one of them even passes away, due to hunger, is indeed heartbreaking. But nothing is more depressed than the scene where John Barton says farewell to his only kid, Mary Barton, on the night before he sets out a journey to Glasgow for labor-related affairs. I almost cry when I read those parts. So sorrowful because, as I expected, nothing is not the same again after that. John goes away without any news, and when he returns home, he looks lost. Although Mary and Jem are two characters that become the centre of the novel, I think it is the traits of John that makes the book “a complete story of human being”.
While Mary and Jem are described to be those who are mostly kind-hearted, John is the one that makes me hard to define. He is the one who is so overwhelmed with the labor condition at that time that he neglects Mary. He puts the interests of others above Mary’s future. He feels so miserable when he is out of work. Even when George, his best friend, dies, John looks unmoved. He says to Mary that is better for George to have passed away than to watch the worsening condition in Manchester.
I have sympathy for him for voicing, representing the needs of the laborers. However, I pity him for being unbalanced between labor-related affairs and his domestic matter. The way he abuses Mary after his London mission is fruitless triggers my anger. And my reaction gets harsher whenever he ignores her super tenderness with all the meal service despite his joblessness.
And the climax when he shots Harry Carson to death is unbearable. I pity him even more because the burden of all the labor issues carry him so far away from he used to be. When he admits he does not even know why he acts as cruel as that, I completely understand.
I can not blame John, though. He suffers a lot. He loses Mary’s brother because he can’t afford paying hospital fees. He witnesses the death of his fellow because of poverty. He has no pride when he does not work. He sometimes says he does not need meal, even when he is about to depart for Glasgow he refuses to eat. All he wishes to have is a job as the source of his dignity. John’s agony reaches his peak with the murder story. Probably, the only thing that he should have not opted is getting too much involved with his comrade in arms in fighting for their rights. He should have focus on his daughter. He makes a choice, somehow. The one that really costs his life. Again, he has faith in his option and that what makes the novel leaves a crack in my heart.
While for Mary.. what can I say about this character? Almost flawless. The only thing that causes my disrespect is when she has a giddy flirting with Harry Carson that makes the latter to put a high hope on their future marriage. It is this trivial act that causes the two male figures to have come in a misunderstanding with the final consequence of putting Jem’s life at the risk of being executed. But, Gaskell brilliantly makes Mary to pay her foolishness. She sacrifices her life to rescue Jem. When she almost dies to do this, I regain my respect for this protagonist. The way Jem loves her and vice versa is very touchy because their actions speak it all. This is what I really like with the romance story in the Victorian era. I once read this kind of love-based action when I read ‘Far from the Madding Crowd.’
Mary is the best daughter one can hope for. Her obedience is beyond everything. Her beauty is far deeper than her skin. And the one thing that makes me feel relieved with the fate of Mary is the presence and the love from Job Leigh and his granddaughter, Margaret. It would be so wicked should Gaskell leave Mary to face the hardness without their help throughout the book. She might not have a full love from her father but she has a best friend and best neighbor of all who stand by her side whenever she needs them all, especially when Jem is at the prison.
All in all, the book is perfect. It has a simple good story that really reflects people at the time the novel is written. The romance is influenced with social status and society perspective when the potency of the marriage between Mary as the daughter of the poor and Harry Carson as the son of the employee emerges. The complicated trait of John Barton, the innocence of Jem and the compassion from Job Leigh and Margaret confronts me with mixed feeling. And the reading journey is paid off with its pleasant closure. The very last, as it becomes the first point that I say here, is the language. To close this post, I’d like to share some of my favorites:
The passionate grief of youth has subsided into sleep
She could catch a wink of sleep
A lovely girl of sixteen, fresh and glowing, and bright as a rosebud
The mists and the storms passed clearing away from his path, though it still was full of stinging thorns
… used to dazzle her eyes by extraordinary graces and twirls
Where the distant horizon is soft and undulating in the moonlight, and the nearer trees sway gently to and fro in the night – wind with something of almost human motion, and the rustling air makes music among their branches, as if speaking soothingly to the weary ones, who lie awake in heaviness of heart. The sights and sounds of such a night lull pain and grief to rest. (This one is my most favorite.)

“Mary Barton” by Elizabeth Gaskell

mary barton

picture credit goes for

The quiet life of the Bartons family changed into a grief, perplexity when their relative, Esther, mysteriously vanished without a trace. Her dissipation triggered a discussion between two best friends, two laborers, John Barton and George Wilson, as the novel begins. Not long after this incident, Mrs. Barton dies, leaving John with no one to blame, except Esther. So, John, who had lost his son, Tom, now survived with his sole daughter, Mary Barton.

Being an orphan made Mary turned into a hardworking girl. She ended up working at Miss Simmonds’s dressmaking house. Her nice, beautiful countenance helped the employee gaining many customers, some of whom, according to Mary’s friend Sally Leadbitter, came to the house due to Mary physical apperance.

John Barton got more involved with Trade Unions as workers condition in the city was getting more unbearable. Dying people due to hunger, wandering kids in search for bread were so commonplace. As her father was busy with his workers association in search for better lives from employees, Mary befriended with Margaret and her grandfather Job Leigh. Mary also got closer with Alice Wilson, the aunt of the former’s pal, Jem Wilson. Alice was suffering from deaf while Margaret turned into a blind girl, though, fortunately her angelic voice saved her and Job from poverty thanks to her singing career.

So many sombre events took place afterwards. John and his fellow mates from the union set a journey to London in a hope they would be given a parliamentary session at the House. They, of course, wanted to talk to legislators on their hard times, unfair wage treatment and such till they would see brighter lives after that.

In the meantime, dark clouds were hanging in the roofs of the Wilsons family. Jem’s twin little brothers dead. No long after that, George dead, too. There remained Jem and his mother Jane. Mary, who had long been suspicious with Jem’s unusual behaviors to her, found herself got torn between friendship and romance with Jem. He, who had been her long mate, acted so weird when Mary paid a visit to his home to state her mournings in regards with the death of the twins. Jem couldn’t help being a bit joyful when Mary came then talked to him but his strange attitude with the touch and kind of thing somehow pushed her away. The closeness between the two caused her to initially abandon any thoughts of making their relationship into a love affair.

So, Mary rarely talked to him, affirming that they remained friends. Jem, on the other hand, kept approaching her till he was sent away when he declared his true love and marriage intention to Mary. By the time Jem left her house that was when Mary realized she loved him as much as he did. But Jem had gone, her regret couldn’t change the way that had just happened.

How feeling turned her life upside down. Just when she discovered Jem was she ever wanted, she had to pay what she unintentionally did to Mr. Harry Carson, the son of John Carson who owns a mill in the city. It was Sally, Mary’s coworker, who served as Harry’s messenger.

John was so submerged with the failure the union mission in London. They failed to voice their ideas to the parliamentary. He was carrying a great burden over his shoulders when he got home and this lasted for so long that Mary hardly recognized the father, who had been so kind and tender to her. John easily got angry. He even hit Mary. He spoke coarsely. The fact that he was out of job completely dragged him away. After apologizing to Mary for his rude behavior, John’s mind seemed to have wandered away from his daughter.

While Jem gradually took distance from her after the rejection moment, Mary found herself in a shocking complicated love triangle story when Sally took her to meet Harry Carson. Although Mary felt sorry for admitting what she did to him was a mere giddy flirting, Harry did not give her up. He even wanted to marry her. But she pushed him away since she did not love him. The secret meeting was over, leaving Mary with overwhelming thoughts. After she met and told her feelings to Margaret, she felt so relieved and went ahead with her best friend advice not to boldly admit her true feelings to Jem but approached his mother instead.

The relationship between employees and workers in the city grew worse. The working class people protested against relatively small wages they received despite the hardworking they did. As such, John decided to go to Glasgow to pursue the equality between both parties. He left his only kid even hunger seemed no big deal for him. Mary burst into tears as she watched her father leaving her with unspecific return dates.

Out of Mary’s knowledge, the long lost Esther searched Jem and she found him to tell everything she wished him to protect Mary in the name of friendship. She told him what she knew about the encounter between Mary and Harry Carson. She thought Mary loved Harry Carson. She wanted Jem to ensure that Harry Carson would not play with the girl’s heart and would marry her one day. Despite his jealousy, Jem agreed to her advice. Later, he asked for Esther’s on her super long dissipation. She explained she got married with a soldier but then was left with a kid. She abandoned the kid for having no money to support her own life. She turned into a prostitute, heavy drunkard. The goal of meeting Jem that night was to rescue Mary from potentially making the same mistake she had done.

Not long after the concourse, Jem stopped Harry Carson. He directly stated what he expected to utter, bearing in his mind that Mary fell into the guy. On the contrary, Harry thought Mary set her heart for Jem only. What was initially a smooth conversation slowly turned into a fighting that prompted policemen to have separated them both. Jem was released while Harry returned home safely.

Will Wilson, Jem’s cousin, came home after his long sailing abroad. How happy old Alice to have finally met her stepson! Will, Mary, Job Leigh and Margaret easily formed closeness even Will fell in love with the blind Margaret.

Harry was the only son of Mr John Carson, the one the latter adored and made him proud of. So when the policemen came to his house bringing Harry’s corpse, Mr John Carson was really shattered. The corpse lied unburied for several days. While Mr John Carson and his several daughters were left broken yet remained tough, his mother acted like a kid. She thought that her most beloved son was not dead but was absorbed in his deep slumber. Mr John Carson offered a huge sum of money for the policemen to catch the murderer.

It seemed easy for the officers to point their fingers. By referring to previous confrontation scene between Jem and Harry Carson, gaining confession from Jem’s mother on the gun used to shoot Harry Carson, the officer arrested Jem while he was on the job. He was transported to Liverpool to stand for a trial. Mary learned the news about Jem when she arrived at her working place, finding her fellow mates talked about her alleged role in the killing. Apart from being confused on how Jem knew her story with Harry Carson, Mary launched her alibi to set Jem free. While she was fully occupied with the bad news, Esther approached her house to hand out her finding after she had checked the murder spot. After so many years in the search, Esther’s presence in the night came as a quite shock for Mary. They behaved a bit awkward for Mary remained a bit dissapointed to her aunt although she remained polite and nice to Esther. On the other hand, Esther couldn’t let all the past go. The fact that she made the Bartons family to have suffered for her past dissipation, her recent condition as a sexual worker and heavy drunkard caused her to not easily develop smooth, intimate conversation with her beloved niece after years of living in separate lives.

Esther made it short as Mary, on the other, kept all her mind for Jem. She handed the paper which contained Mary’s address to the girl. She lied about her recent conditions then they parted. One meeting seemed inadequate to fix the broken relationship, though. Mary disbelieved on what she received. She immediately knew who the murderer was: her own father. The paper belonged to her father. It was the same with the paper where she copied a poem as given by Jem on Valentine’s day. She was then torn apart of between rescuing her lover or her father.

This bitter fact somehow prompted her to start her investigation. She wanted to save Jem. Although her initiatives was welcomed with rejection by Job while Margaret was crestfallen with Mary’s giddy flirting to Harry Carson, Mary went on her own way, somehow. She decided to seek Will, whom was seen to have been with Jem on the night the killing took place. Job, then, hired a lawyer.

It took hard attempts for Mary to seek Will for the ship he was sailing with departed from Liverpool when she arrived in the city. With the help of the son of the landlord where which Will stayed, Mary made it possible to catch the ship after she had paid some amount of money to local sailors. Even if after Mary was able to convey her intention via the sailors as the boat she was on was approaching the ship, Will’s certainty to appear before the court remained uncertain. Mary was then helped by one of the sailors who understood her hopelessness regarding the fate of Jem. She spent the night before the trial at his home.

Jem’s mother was the first to testify in the trial. She said the truth about the gun which somehow weighed down Jem’s position in the case. Then Mary. She told her feelings that she loved Jem so dearly and that her relationship with the late Harry Carson meant nothing for her but not for the rich guy. Yet, her testimony did help much to save Jem from the death penalty until Will made his harsh way to the court. As Mary expected, Will’s confession made the difference. Jem then walked free.

Not everything seemed clear for Jem even if after he was released and declared innocent. Mary fell terribly sick. Not only that, Jem was torn between her and her mother who seemed reluctant to let her only son divide his attention to the girl whom he really loved. Job suggested Jem to opt her mother given her old age. Jem followed his advice.

When he got home, Alice got much worse due to stroke. After she passed away Jem told her mother about his intention of marrying Mary. It didn’t take a lengthy time to persuade his mother for she gave her blessings afterwards.

When Jem and Mary reconciled, agreed on their marriage plan, John Barton showed up. He was so lost, looked disturbed all the time. He didn’t even care on the arrival of Mary.

Shortly after his homecoming, John Carson was invited to the house. John admitted his wrongdoing; that he was the one John Carson was looking for all the time. The burden of the labour issues wholly ruined John Barton’s mind that he didn’t understand what he had done to Harry Carson. Jem, meanwhile, knew that John Barton killed Harry Carson because John Barton borrowed the gun a few days before the crime occurred.

On his deathbed, John Carson forgave John Barton and the latter died peacefully. Jem and Mary tied the knot shortly before they and Jem’s mother departed to Canada. Esther was discovered before their leaving then she died in the eyes of those she was longing for meeting.

The couple was blessed with two kids. They lived happily in the land that was so far away from their hometown. Despite their distance, the new family remained close to the Job and Margaret. The letter informing that Margaret had her eyes operated brought most cheerful news to them as well as the joyous end to this very beautiful, touchy, sentimental and best of all, completed story of human beings by the great Elizabeth Gaskell.